EEG: An Introductory Atlas


ISBN: 978-0-9979756-0-4


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St. Louis, EK, Frey, LC (Eds.). 
Electroencephalography (EEG):
An Introductory Text and Atlas of Normal and Abnormal Findings in 
Adults, Children, and Infants
Chicago, IL: American Epilepsy Society; 2016

Electroencephalography (EEG): An Introductory Text and Atlas of Normal and Abnormal Findings in Adults, Children, and Infants was released on the NLM Bookshelf, at


Electroencephalography (EEG): An Introductory Text and Atlas of Normal and Abnormal Findings in Adults, Children, and Infants was created and published by experts in EEG interpretation from the American Epilepsy Society. Designed to facilitate learning at all levels of EEG education, this atlas is useful for learners new to the EEG field, for those who want to refresh their knowledge, and for those aiming to maintain certification in the subspecialties of clinical neurophysiology and epilepsy. Created for EEG technologists, allied health professionals including nurses and physician assistants, medical students, neurology residents, and epilepsy fellows, the atlas has collected over 90 real-world examples of key EEG findings. The EEG examples are accompanied by focused, highly practical, and readable complementary explanations throughout the text. The atlas includes discussions of important topics such as an orderly and organized approach to reading the EEG, technical background of EEG recording, focal and generalized EEG abnormalities and their meaning for clinical care, ictal EEG patterns representative of different seizure types, and examples of common artifacts imitating epileptiform abnormalities. This publication is a free learning resource for EEGers of all levels that is highly applicable to the daily practice of EEG interpretation.

Meet the Editors:

Frey Lauren C. Frey, M.D. specializes in the care of adults living with epilepsy. She has an outpatient clinic at the University of Colorado Hospital and is the Medical Director of the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit there. Dr. Frey is also the Director of the Quantitative EEG (QEEG) Laboratory and the Neurofeedback Clinic at the University of Colorado Hospital. Initially a research tool, QEEG has now been well-studied in multiple clinical settings and has a number of clinical uses in neurology, psychiatry, and rehabilitation. Neurofeedback is a form of biofeedback that uses EEG to follow the brain's electrical activity in real time. During training sessions, patients work towards increasing healthy brain rhythms while suppressing unhealthy rhythms. Increasing healthier brain rhythms can improve a person's mental and physical health and their well-being. Neurofeedback has a long history of being used with people with refractory epilepsy. Dr. Frey published work includes analyses of the effect of neurofeedback training on seizure control and quality of life in patients with epilepsy.
St. Louis Erik K. St. Louis, M.D, M.S., is Associate Professor of Neurology, Co-Director of the Mayo Center for Sleep Medicine, and Sleep Medicine Fellowship Program Director at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. He is also current Chair of the American Epilepsy Society Curriculum Committee. Dr. St. Louis is board certified in Adult Neurology, Epilepsy, EEG/Epilepsy Monitoring, Clinical Neurophysiology, and Sleep Medicine by the American Boards of Psychiatry and Neurology, Clinical Neurophysiology, and Sleep Medicine. He was educated at St. Olaf College, the Medical College of Wisconsin, Mayo Clinic, and the University of Iowa. Previously, he co-directed the Marshfield Clinic and University of Iowa epilepsy programs for ten years. His laboratory has pioneered new quantitative polysomnographic analysis methods and established diagnostic standards for RBD, and is currently analyzing these measures as a biomarker for synucleinopathy neurodegeneration. Other current research projects include analyzing sleep and waking physiologic risk profiles for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), co-morbid sleep apnea in epilepsy, and using EEG and ERP signal analyses to characterize cognitive and cerebral functioning following sleep deprivation. Dr. St. Louis developed and co-edited the book Epilepsy and the Interictal State: Co-morbidities and Quality of Life together with David Ficker and Terrence J. O’Brien (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015), serves on the Editorial Board of AAN Continuum, and has been recently contracted to co-author The Prescriber’s Guide to Antiepileptic Drugs, Third Edition with Philip Patsolos (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2017). 

Our Contributors (a taskforce of the AES Curriculum Development Committee):

Jeffrey W. Britton, MD
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota
Lauren C. Frey, MD
University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado
Jennifer L. Hopp, MD
University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland
Pearce Korb, MD
University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado
Mohamad Z. Koubeissi, MD, FAAN, FANA
University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado
William E. Lievens, MD
University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama
Elia M. Pestana-Knight, MD
Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio
Erik K. St. Louis, MD
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota